Healthcare Ready Hurricane Fiona Situation Report #3

Hurricane Fiona Situation Report #3

This report provides an assessment of the impacts to healthcare and public health due to Hurricane Fiona.

Note: Green text indicates new or updated content in this report compared to the previous report.

Healthcare Ready's Posture

Healthcare Ready is ENGAGED for the response to Hurricane Fiona and Hurricane Ian (situation reports for Hurricane Ian are sent separately). We are closely tracking impacts to healthcare supply chain and healthcare access for both events. In addition to situation reporting, we are updating Rx Open daily to map open pharmacies in Puerto Rico and Florida. We are also sharing updates for responders and the public on social media: TwitterFacebook, and LinkedIn.

High-Level Situation Summary

Hurricane Fiona made landfall in southwestern Puerto Rico at 3:20 pm ET on September 18, 2022. Prior to landfall, Fiona produced heavy rains and high 90-mph winds across Puerto Rico and USVI. Hurricane Fiona made landfall on 9/19 in the southeastern region of the Dominican Republic causing catastrophic rainfall and flooding.

As of 5am on 9/21, Hurricane Fiona is producing heavy rainfall with localized threats of flash-flooding in Turks and Caicos. The storm is expected to develop into a Category 4 hurricane over the Atlantic and may affect portions of Atlantic Canada as a hurricane force cyclone by 9/23-9/24.

On 9/20, FEMA Director, Deanne Criswell travelled to Puerto Rico to meet with Governor Pierluisi and assess the damage on the island to determine FEMA’s response posture. To further support response efforts, FEMA has deployed additional incident management teams.   

Puerto Rico has been heavily impacted by Hurricane Fiona. Parts of the island have experienced up to 27 inches of reported rainfall, which is projected to rise. Weather forecasts indicate that the western coast of the island will receive additional rainfall from 9/22 to 9/25. The most impacted areas of the island are the southern, southwestern, and central mountain regions of the island; these areas are currently most susceptible to flooding. As of 9/21, a heat advisory is in effect along the North coast of Puerto Rico from Fajardo to Mayaguez. Temperatures are expected to reach up to 108°F along the Northern Coast of Puerto Rico, in and around Arecibo, between 10am EST – 4pm EST September 21. With many residents remaining without power and air conditioning, risk of heat illness is increased.


  • All hospitals in Puerto Rico are operating, with all but one on generator power.
  • Health clinics are undergoing damage assessments; some are running on generator power while the national grid comes online.
  • As of 2pm ET 9/21, 72% of pharmacies are reporting as Open in Puerto Rico. Most remain on generator power.
  • As of 2pm ET 9/20, all dialysis clinics are operational. However, most remain on generator power.
  • 73% of the island remains without power. Power restoration is concentrated in and around San Juan. Restoration timelines for the rest of the island are not yet clear.
  • More than 565,560 residents remain without water. Restoration times are not yet clear.
  • FEMA reports that a boil water advisory is in place throughout Puerto Rico.

Assessment of Healthcare and Logistics Impacts

Emergency Declarations and Measures

  • Governor Pierluisi has requested a major disaster declaration from the White House on September 20 to bolster federal resources supporting the island’s recovery. As of 11am 9/20, the Biden Administration has not approved the request.
  • Puerto Rico Governor Pedro Pierluisi declared a state of emergency on Saturday, 9/17.
  • Governor Pierluisi issued an Executive Order OE-2022-048 granting immunity to physicians, osteopaths, nurses, physician’s assistants, and health professionals assisting the government during the duration of the declaration of emergency for Hurricane Fiona.
  • On Sunday, September 18, 2022, President Biden approved an emergency declaration to provide federal assistance and resources in response to Hurricane Fiona.
  • Executive Order 22-0915 signed on September 20, guarantees access to medications of beneficiaries of Plan Vital, the government health plan of Puerto Rico. The plan provides physical and mental health services to 1.3 million Puerto Ricans. The Executive Order authorizes Pharmacy Benefit Manager/Management (PBM) to fill 50% of a prescription without a primary care provider’s signature.
    • Pharmacies that provide services to beneficiaries of social health care plans can only charge the copay on the Vital insurance card.  
    • The order does not apply to controlled substances (Schedule 2 drugs).

Critical Infrastructure Impacts

  • Power
    • As of Wednesday 9/21, 73% of the island remains without power, with the majority of outages occurring in the northwest, southern coast, and northeastern coast.
      • Power has been restored to about 377,000 clients mainly in San Juan and the regions to its south.
      • There are 40,951 electricity dependent Medicare beneficiaries in Puerto Rico, with large proportions of them residing in San Juan (3,720 patients), Bayamon (2,555), Ponce (1,891), Caguas (1,763), Carolina (1,628), Arecibo (1,183), and Mayaguez (1,158). Most municipalities have hundreds of electricity dependent patients (see the emPOWER Map for municipality-specific data).
      • As most power restoration has occurred in San Juan and the surrounding regions, including Bayamon, the majority of electricity dependent patients in Puerto Rico (including the thousands in highly populated southwestern municipalities like Ponce and Mayaquez) are reliant on generator power in their homes or in shelters to operate their medical devices. If power is not restored, the chances of generators failing or running out of fuel increases, as does the risk of patients suffering negative health impacts.
      • LUMA Regional Operating Centers (ROCs) have been deployed to assess damage and give estimated timelines of restoration to other parts of the island. Updates on power restoration will be given periodically through the LUMA website and their Twitter feed. The exact timelines for restoration have not yet been published.
  • Fuel
    • The availability of fuel seems to not have been impacted by Hurricane Fiona, but accessing fuel may pose a problem while roads and other major infrastructure are obstructed by debris or water.
    • There have not been reports of generator fuel shortages for healthcare facilities as of this report. However, if power outages remain widespread and are in effect for an extended period, generator fuel availability may become an issue.
  • Transportation
    • Integrated Transport
      • The following modes of transport are fully operational:
        • Ferries between Ceiba and the islands of Vieques and Culebra
        • Ferries between San Juan and Cataño
        • Tren Urbanothe train system serving 16 stations in San Juan, Guaynabo, and Bayamón
        • Freight transportation of commercial and public goods
    • Road closures
    • Airports
      • San Juan’s international airport (SJU) resumed air operations on Monday, September 19. Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport in Isla Grande and Rafael Hernandez Airport (BQN) in Aguadilla also opened on September 19.
      • Flights resumed on Tuesday, 9/20 at Eugenio María de Hostos airport in Mayagüez. The terminal and runway remain powered by generators.
      • Mercedita International Airport
        • Damage to the Ponce airport’s infrastructure has been quite severe, specifically to the runway. The Autoridad de los Puertos en Puerto Rico (AAPR) has put forth a plan to mitigate the damages at PSEThe plan is built around repairing the runway.
    • Port status

Access and Re-entry

  • There is no formal access and reentry program in Puerto Rico. All 78 municipalities of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are tasked with coordinating specific access and re-entry requirements for vehicles transporting staff, supplies, and other essentials in close coordination with the Government of Puerto Rico and federal agencies.

Healthcare Response Updates and Needs

  • Emergency Medical Services
    • No impacts to emergency medical services have been reported as of this report. However, disruption to patient movement can be expected due to road conditions and closures.
    • 4 hurricane related fatalities have been reported per the September 20, 2022. 
  • Healthcare Facilities
    • All hospitals are operational with 53 (+8) relying on generators per the September 21, 2022 FEMA update.
    • According to local outlets, care facilities for the elderly are still without power making it difficult for staff to care for their patients.
    • The increased temperatures may negatively impact patients that are without power and are not able to access air conditioning.
    • Hospital General Castañer has resumed service starting 9/21 at all of their campuses.
    • Hospitals in the Ponce, Mayaguez, Cabo Rojo, Yauco, y San Germán regions should take extra caution with the care of their patients and their power supply as they are still under heavy rainfall. Cancellations of surgeries and elective appointments are likely.
  • Health Clinics
    • The status of free and charitable clinics and federally qualified health clinics is largely unknown at this time as damage assessments are underway. Healthcare Ready is working on mapping the operating status of these facilities once information is received.
    • As these clinics support the medical needs of the uninsured, the status and operations are critical to serving those impacted by Hurricane Fiona.
  • Pharmacy
    • Rx Open is activated for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. The map was last updated at 2 pm ET, September 21. As of this update:  
      • 71.94% (+6.22% from 9/20) of pharmacies are reporting as Open in Puerto Rico.
      • 10.31% (-5.94%)of participating pharmacies in Puerto Rico were reporting Closed or Unknown.
        • The following counties are reporting less than 50% of pharmacies as Open
          • Aibonito, Barranquitas, Cabo Rojo, Mayaguez, Penuelas, Santa Isabel, Villalba Municipios.
      • 9.52% (+4.76%) of participating pharmacies in USVI were reporting Closed or Unknown.   
        • No jurisdictions in the USVI are reporting lower than 50% pharmacies as Open.
      • 66.67% (-4.76%) of pharmacies are reporting as Open in the USVI.
  • Dialysis
    • All dialysis centers are operating as of 9/20. Most sites are on generator power, and some are running on water tankers. If power is not restored in the next three days, fuel supply will be needed at some sites.

COVID-19 and other Infectious Diseases

  • COVID-19
    • As of September 21, CDC reports medium community spread throughout most of Puerto Rico, with low community spread in in six municipalities including Vieques. CDC reported 5,124 cases in the last 7 days in Puerto Rico.
    • With people entering shelters due to the hurricane, there is a higher potential for COVID to spread and possibly increase throughout the island.
    • Monkeypox
      • CDC reports 163 cases in Puerto Rico as of September 21.  There is minor risk of more infections due to people entering shelters after the hurricane.
    • Leptospirosis risk
      • No cases reported as of September 21. Due to contaminated water from flooding, there is increased risk of this illness spreading throughout the island. We are monitoring for reports of spread of leptospirosis.

Supply Chain

  • Manufacturing: Pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing companies have operations in Puerto Rico. Though assessments of manufacturing facilities are on-going, experts do not expect any large-scale disruptions to the medical supply chain.
  • Distribution: The distribution of medical supplies should be closely monitored as roadways, bridges, and other transportation infrastructure could be impacted by heavy rainfall, debris, flooding, and landslides.

Resource Staging

  • Approximately 232 FEMA and 433 other federal agency responders are deployed to Puerto Rico, USVI, and FEMA Region II Regional Response Coordination Center.

Emergency Prescription Refills

  • In an emergency situation, Puerto Rico law dictates that prescribing professionals may provide a prescription verbally or digitally, provided that the physical prescription be provided to the pharmacy less than 120 hours later. The pharmacist may dispense an emergency medication to cover at most a 120-hour period.
  • As of 9/20 3pm ET ASPR’s Emergency Prescription Assistance Program (EPAP) has not been activated.
  • Executive Order 22-0915 signed on September 20, guarantees access to medications of beneficiaries of Plan Vital, the government health plan of Puerto Rico. The Executive Order authorizes Pharmacy Benefit Manager/Management (PBM) to fill 50% of a prescription without a primary care provider’s signature.

Evacuations and Curfews

  • There are no reported curfews at this time.  
  • No major evacuations at this time, however, many water rescues have been reported.


  • There are 90 Shelters in Puerto Rico currently open (-20 from 9/20). Currently there are 1,077 (-282) occupants in shelters in Puerto Rico.
  • The shelters with the highest populations are in the areas with catastrophic damage, including Arecibo, Canovanas, and Guayanilla.
  • Per the Puerto Rico Voluntary Organization Active in Disasters (VOAD) group, all shelters have the capacity to accommodate people with medical needs.



Sign up for updates and alerts